Norway Horticulture Work Experience Program

  • Horticulture in Norway consists of both, open field production and cultivation in greenhouses. Some early vegetable production is carried out under plastic tunnels or on plastic mulch.
  • Greenhouse crop production constitutes a major part of commercial horticulture in Norway. The total greenhouse area is closed 200 hectares. Tomato, cucumber and lettuce production occupies about one half of the area. The rest is mainly used for pot plants, bedding plants, and cut flowers.
  • Geographical location and climatic conditions play significant part in the basic agricultural patterns. The country has Arctic and Sub-Arctic characteristics. In addition, Norway has a long and severe winter. The indoor period is approximately 230 days a year in the South and up to 290 days a year in the North. Thus, the livestock production requires isolated houses and good storing facilities for fodder.

  • The positive effect of the cold climate is less plant diseases than in southern countries.
  • Cereals have been cultivated in Norway for about 5,000 years. Until 60-70 years ago, all varieties of cereals were local strains. In the case of wheat, barley and oats, these consisted of a large number of pure lines with somewhat differing qualities.
  • Both the oil plants cultivated in Norway, turnip rape (Brassica campestris var. oleifera) and rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera), belong to the brassica family (Brassicaceae). Turnip rape is chiefly a cross-pollinator, whereas rape is a self-pollinator.
  • Very few of the other species of vegetable that are now cultivated here originated in this country. Some species have been cultivated for a very long time, right back to the Viking Period, for instance certain species of onion (Allium spp.) and cabbage (Brassica spp.). Species such as broccoli (Brassica oleracea inalica), Chinese leaves (B. campestris pekinensis), tomato (Lacopersicon esculentum) and paprika (Capsieum annuum) have, however, come into use during recent decades.
  • Most important species of vegetables in Norway took place in the period from 1920 to 1950. For instance, many varieties of cabbage were bred in Rogaland which were in active use right up to about 1975-1980.